USArray
A Continental-scale Seismic Observatory

Why

Why do we need USArray?

USArray seismic data will further our understanding of the earth and of tectonic processes.  This has also led to cutting edge scientific research. There are also many practical applications for these data (see below).

Ideal Geologic Laboratory

 

The North American continent displays the full spectrum of plate tectonic processes, making it a great place to study both active and ancient structures:

  1. Active plate convergence and volcanism in the subduction zones of Cascadia and the Aleutians
  2. Active shearing and earthquake generation along the San Andreas Fault zone
  3. Active intraplate extension and gravitational collapse of the Basin and Range
  4. The ancient Appalachian Mountains, for relating continental deformation to past mountain building

Practical Applications

The plate boundary of western North America—the San Andreas Fault system, the Cascadia and Aleutian subduction zones, and the Intermountain seismic belt—includes significant regions of earthquake, volcanic, and landslide hazards. All EarthScope components provide data that bear directly on the assessment and mitigation of the risks from these hazards. These data are advancing our knowledge of the mechanics of volcanic eruption and earthquake generation, and increase the possibility of earthquake prediction. As the Transportable Array crosses the nation, EarthScope scientists are interacting with federal and state agencies involved in regional mapping, education, public policy, and resource assessment. The Flexible Array component of USArray is an important tool for probing the geological framework of the continental crust and the structural details of sedimentary basins. Subsurface maps, developed from various types of geological investigations and merged with high-resolution seismic images, are an invaluable resource in collaborative and multidisciplinary research projects related to the assessment and exploitation of groundwater, mineral, and energy resources.

Why couldn't we do this type of experiment before?

Seismology is a relatively new science. Geologic mapping of the past 150 years, combined with seismic advances in the 1900s, provided framework for looking beneath Earth's surface. Because of technical constraints, 20 years ago USArray was a dream. It is now a reality because we have three necessary components:

  1. High-precision seismometers
  2. Real-time data transmission (now possible with satellites, cell phones, and Internet)
  3. The ability to store and analyze the monumental mountain of data recorded